Since technological companies recognize the importance of data centers and server rooms, they invest vast amounts of money towards top-notch equipment. However, these equipment generate high levels of heat, which can be harmful in various ways. This article reveals the principles of server and data center cooling and its benefits. 

Purpose of Server Chillers

Server chillers help to control high levels of heat generated by the equipment in server rooms. Without this cooling solution, there is the possibility of a rapid temperature increase capable of destroying important data and hardware. As a result, various cooling technologies have been established to prevent these casualties.

The purpose of these cooling systems is to create and maintain a suitable environmental condition required for the optimal operation of Information Technology Equipment (ITE). In addition, server chillers are crucial for the installation of highly concentrated server clusters. Since these clusters generate high heat levels, they are needed to keep the computer room cool. Plus, it allows the peak performance of computer operators and equipment.

What is the ideal server room temperature?

Servers can tolerate a temperature range of 60 to 90°F. However, the best temperature for a server room is 72°F with 45% relative humidity. Maintaining this ideal server room temperature and humidity allows the servers to operate optimally and prevents unplanned heat spikes, consequently lessening the likelihood of the servers shutting down.

Factors to Consider for Server Room Cooling

To maintain this ideal server room temperature, you need to consider some factors. These factors include:

  • Floor surface area
  • Window size and position
  • Occupants
  • Lighting

By calculating the possible heat most of these factors can produce, you can get a rough estimate of the total heat a server room can generate. For example, the higher the number of occupants the room is likely to contain, the higher the level of heat is produced. Knowing this estimate will give you an idea of your cooling needs and solutions you can apply.

How Does A Server Chiller Work?

Generally, a server chiller works by incorporating raised floors with computer room air conditioners (CRAC) or computer room air handlers (CRAH). By pressurizing the space below the raised floors, the CRAC/CRAH would transmit cold air through the server intakes and then over its components. This cold air exits as hot exhaust air and is removed and recycled back to the CRAC/CRAH for cooling. Few other innovative cooling technologies are:

  • Immersion system; which submerges the hardware into a non-conductive and non-flammable dielectric fluid.
  • Liquid cooling; which exposes the servers’ components directly to liquid for cooling.
  • Direct-to-chip cooling; which directly integrates cold plates with the hardware motherboard for efficient cooling.

Computer Room Cooling Challenges

Some critical challenges associated with cooling computer rooms are:

  • High electricity demands
  • Inefficient use of cooling room space
  • Inefficient server chiller operation due to energy loss by friction
  • Proximity to cold water sources
  • Poor data center zoning practices

Benefits of Effective Server Cooling Systems

The significant benefits for developing effective server cooling systems include:

  • To optimize operations
  • To reduce downtime
  • To protect critical materials and equipment
  • To save time and money

Operations Optimization

It is pertinent to keep the computer room cool as it ensures optimum operation of the servers. Adverse effects like equipment damage, communication network disruption, and data loss; can affect the smooth operations of the data center and its clients. By identifying a cooling technology that is best suited for heat transfer needs, the client can ensure improved operational efficiency and performance.

Downtime Reduction

Adequate cooling can prevent malfunction-induced downtime. Some hardware and software malfunctions result from excessive heat generated from the computing equipment, leading to downtime if repairs are required. But with server cooling systems, you can avoid this challenge.

Equipment Protection

Server cooling systems protect equipment from damage. With consistent and proper monitoring for which they are known, they serve as a precaution to high equipment damage risks. This constant maintenance culture allows managers to keep track of the temperature and humidity conditions of the room and equipment to avoid heat-related damages and consequently protect the clients’ critical data. Additionally, computer chillers help to extend the lifespan of the equipment.

Time and Money Savings

By optimizing the operations of the servers, curtailing malfunction-induced downtime, and protecting the equipment from damage, data center operators save an appreciable amount of time and money. In addition, you can avoid the cost of damage repairs, hardware replacement, and other extra heat-related costs by installing proper computer server cooling systems.

Cold Shot Chillers Offers Server Room Cooling Solutions

At Cold Shot Chillers, we manufacture and install high-quality chillers for a wide range of industrial applications. Our cost-effective and dependable chillers are designed to maintain ideal server room temperature for all your data center and server cooling needs.

Contact us online today to get a quote on our server chillers or enquire about other cooling solutions we offer.